History: Djibouti, a small country in the Horn of Africa, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Its strategic location on the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait, which connects the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean, has made it a crossroads for trade, migration, and cultural exchange. The region was initially inhabited by nomadic tribes and later by the Afar and Somali people. Djibouti was part of various empires and kingdoms, including the Axumite Empire, the Ifat Sultanate, and the Adal Sultanate.

In the late 19th century, the French established a presence in the region, and in 1896, Djibouti became a French colony known as French Somaliland. It later became the French Territory of the Afars and Issas in 1967. Djibouti finally gained independence from France on June 27, 1977, and has since remained a relatively stable and peaceful country in the volatile Horn of Africa region.

Present: Djibouti is now a multi-ethnic republic with a population of around one million people, mostly composed of two ethnic groups: the Afar and the Somali. The official languages are French and Arabic, but Somali and Afar are widely spoken as well. Islam is the dominant religion, practiced by over 90% of the population. Djibouti is a semi-presidential republic with a president as the head of state and a prime minister leading the government.

Future: Djibouti's strategic location continues to be its greatest asset, as it remains a critical hub for global trade and military operations. The country is working to expand its infrastructure to capitalize on its position, including the construction of new ports, railways, and free trade zones. Djibouti's future will likely be influenced by its partnerships with international players such as China and the United States, both of which have military bases in the country.

Population: As of 2023, Djibouti has an estimated population of around one million people. The majority of the population are from the two main ethnic groups: the Afar (approximately 35%) and the Somali (about 60%). The remaining 5% of the population consists of various minority groups, including Arabs, Europeans, and others.

Location: Djibouti is located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Eritrea to the north, Ethiopia to the west and south, and Somalia to the southeast. It has a coastline along the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Its strategic location on the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait makes it a vital gateway between the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea.

Top Export: Djibouti's top exports are relatively limited due to its small economy and lack of natural resources. Its main export products are re-exports of goods, which include agricultural products, textiles, and manufactured goods. As a major transshipment hub, Djibouti imports goods from around the world and then re-exports them to neighboring countries. The country also generates income from its port services, which are crucial to its economy.