Eswatini or Swaziland

Eswatini or Swaziland

The history, present, and future of Eswatini, along with its population, location, and top export, can be summarized as follows:

History: Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, is a small landlocked country in southern Africa. The region was inhabited by the Bantu-speaking people for centuries, and the modern Swazi nation emerged in the late 18th century under King Ngwane III. The country was under British colonial rule from 1903 to 1968. On September 6, 1968, Eswatini gained its independence from Britain, with King Sobhuza II serving as the first monarch of the newly independent nation.

Present: As of my knowledge cutoff in 2021, Eswatini is a monarchy, with the king holding executive power. In April 2018, King Mswati III officially changed the country's name from Swaziland to Eswatini. The government operates on a Tinkhundla system, which is a combination of traditional and modern governance. The country faces challenges such as high unemployment, poverty, and one of the world's highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates.

Future: Eswatini's future is uncertain, with the government working towards addressing the nation's socioeconomic challenges. The country needs to focus on sustainable economic growth, improved healthcare, and education to create opportunities for its people and reduce poverty.

Population: As of my knowledge cutoff in 2021, Eswatini has a population of around 1.17 million people. The majority of the population are ethnic Swazis, who speak SiSwati and adhere to a mix of Christian and traditional beliefs.

Location: Eswatini is located in southern Africa, bordering South Africa to the west and Mozambique to the east. It is a landlocked country with an area of approximately 17,364 square kilometers (6,704 square miles).

Top Export: Eswatini's top export is sugar, followed by soft drink concentrates, textiles, and wood pulp. The country is highly dependent on agriculture, which accounts for a significant portion of its exports. In recent years, Eswatini has been working towards diversifying its economy by promoting investment in other sectors, such as manufacturing and tourism.